# Die Per Wafer (free) Calculator – trusted by GF and Amkor

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Calculating the number of Dies Per Wafer (DPW) is a very simple and straight forward task. It’s actually based on basic high school mathematics which are related to circle area formula, remember Pi?

Silicon dies which are placed on a wafer can also be described as many squares placed inside a circle — thus the calculation is about first finding the overall circle area using both the mathematical number Pi (approximately equal to 3.14159) and the wafer size.

The wafer size and the die size are known in advance, however, as our “squares” have spaces between them (e.g. scribe lines) and the area located at the edge of the wafer cannot be used, the calculation is a bit tricky, therefore, some recommend using the Die Per Wafer tools results as an estimation rather than a calculation.

In addition to the above unused area, the foundry will use additional area for testing purposes (PCM structures) that will eat up relatively small size of the wafer. Sawing lanes, wafer margin and test structures size vary from process node to process node and from foundry to foundry. Therefore, is it highly recommended to have the final DPW figure directly from the foundry because they have all the knowledge and information required to provide the actual figure.

## AnySilicon’s Die Per Wafer Free Tool

Our free Die Per Wafer calculator is very simple and based on the following equation:

d – wafer diameter [mm] (click her for wafer size information)

S – die size [square mm]

For your convenient, we have placed the Die Per Wafer calculator as an online Excel sheet so you can use it online or download it into your ASIC price calculator.

To make life a bit easier we are offering a simple downloadable Excel calculator that helps calculate die per wafer for different wafer and die size. Please feel free to use our die per wafer calculator excel:  Download free DPW Calculator

## Die Per Wafer Calculator Overview

In the semiconductor industry, calculating the number of dies per wafer is a crucial step in determining production yields. A die per wafer calculator or gross die per wafer calculator can be used to estimate the number of dies that can be obtained from a single wafer. The die yield calculator takes into account the die size, wafer size, and edge die losses to provide an accurate estimate. For instance, a 300mm wafer notch dimensions can accommodate a certain number of dies, depending on their size and layout.

To calculate the number of chips on a wafer, one can use a wafer die calculator or a die per wafer formula. The die area and wafer size are essential inputs for this calculation. The resulting number of dies per wafer can then be used to estimate the wafer yield. In addition, a die size calculator can be used to determine the optimal die size for a given wafer size. This is particularly important in semiconductor manufacturing, where die size and wafer size are critical factors in determining production costs and yields.

In the context of semiconductor manufacturing, the terms “die” and “wafer” are often used interchangeably, but they refer to distinct entities. A die is a small block of semiconductor material, typically made of silicon, that contains a single chip or integrated circuit. A wafer, on the other hand, is a thin slice of semiconductor material, usually silicon, that contains multiple dies. The wafer yield formula takes into account the number of dies per wafer, as well as the yield of each die, to estimate the overall production yield. By optimizing die size, wafer size, and edge die losses, manufacturers can improve their wafer yields and reduce production costs.

## Defect Density

Defect density (DD) is an important factor to consider when calculating the gross die per wafer. Defects on a wafer can lead to the failure of individual dies, reducing the yield and ultimately affecting the die per wafer calculation. The defect density is usually reported as the number of defects per unit area. It represents the average number of defects present on the wafer. The higher the defect density, the lower the yield and the fewer usable dies per wafer.

It is important to note that defect density can vary depending on various factors such as the manufacturing process, equipment used, and the quality control measures implemented. Therefore, it is crucial to consult with the foundry to obtain the most accurate defect density information for your particular wafer and die size.

## Wafer Map

A wafer map is a graphical representation of a wafer that shows the location and type of defects found on the surface. It provides a visual reference for identifying areas of potential yield loss and helps manufacturers analyze and improve their manufacturing processes. By analyzing the wafer map, manufacturers can identify trends and patterns in defect occurrence, allowing them to pinpoint the causes of defects and take appropriate corrective measures. This information can be invaluable in improving yield and maximizing the number of usable dies per wafer.

## Gross Die Per Wafer Calculator

The gross die per wafer calculator is a tool that helps manufacturers calculate the maximum number of dies that can be produced on a single wafer, taking into account factors such as die size, wafer size, and defect density. Manufacturers can use the gross die per wafer calculator as a starting point to estimate the number of dies they can expect from a wafer. This information is crucial for die per wafer calculators are essential tools for manufacturers to determine the maximum number of dies that can be produced on a single wafer.

## What’s next?

Get price quotes for ASIC design services here.

Or get wafer price proposals from vendors.